Regional Sustainability ›› 2023, Vol. 4 ›› Issue (3): 322-331.doi: 10.1016/j.regsus.2023.08.005

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Research on the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity among the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation countries

HAO Yuna,b, WU Miaoa,b,*(), ZHANG Xiaoyuna, WANG Lixiana, HE Jingjinga   

  1. aXinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi, 830011, China
    bResearch Center for Ecology and Environment of Central Asia, Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi, 830011, China
  • Received:2022-10-28 Revised:2023-05-30 Accepted:2023-08-24 Online:2023-09-30 Published:2023-10-20
  • Contact: *E-mail address: (WU M.).


The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is the most extensive and populous comprehensive regional cooperation organization in the world, covering about half of the world's population, with not only a huge consumer market, but also rich natural resources and strong productivity. As one of the important platforms for the implementation of the Green Belt and Road Initiative, it is an important opportunity for the SCO to actively participate in global governance and contribute to building a community of global life. To investigate the status of biodiversity conservation in the SCO countries, we used literature analysis approach. We surveyed the performance and international cooperation status of the SCO countries in the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), listed facing problems and threats to biodiversity conservation, including not optimistic biodiversity conservation project implementation status, contradiction between ecological protection and economic development, impacts of human activities, lack of funds and talents, etc., and analyzed the biodiversity protection needs of the SCO countries from the perspectives of project and policy implementation status and international cooperation. According to the cooperation between China and the other SCO countries on biodiversity conservation and the post-2020 global biodiversity framework goals, we gave some recommendations: (1) promoting access to genetic resources and benefit-sharing; (2) integrating multiple funds and innovating the implementation of funding mechanism; (3) developing talent training and exchange programs and deepening multilateral cooperation; (4) strengthening cross-border cooperation and improving cooperation network; and (5) establishing a coordination mechanism for biodiversity conservation within the framework of the SCO.

Key words: Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), Biodiversity conservation Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), International cooperation, Cross-border cooperation, Multilateral cooperation